Ghana

By 2030, Ghana aims to further improve access to and quality of education, as well as to achieve strong governance and sustainable financing of the vocational training sub-sector.

The overall objective of the education sector is to provide high quality education services at all school levels with a focus on science, information, communication and technology in order to equip learners with the competencies and awareness they need to enter the labour market or continue education.

With its education strategy Ghana pursues the approach of a dynamic education sector, which prepares all Ghanaians for socio-economic development and ultimately ensures the adaptation of Ghanaian education priorities to the changing global development agenda (SDG).

In 2015, the Ghanaian Minister of Education set up a sectoral task force to develop a revised Education Strategy 2018-2030. As a basis, the entire education sector was evaluated in the current macroeconomic context. The sector analysis concluded that despite improved access to educational institutions, vocational education and training suffers from a generally low status and is rarely considered a first priority for education by young Ghanaians. Reasons for this include the limited scope of educational opportunities and outdated technologies, as well as the often poor structural and infrastructural condition of the training facilities. Furthermore, there is a mismatch between the skills offered in vocational training institutions and the demand on the labor market. There is also insufficient investment and commitment by industry in this sector. Technical vocational training also suffers ultimately from a lack of harmonization and coordination among the participating (15) government institutions; it receives less than 3 % of total education expenditures.